This patent on CRLX-101, an experimental approach using camptothecin (CPT) to cancer chemotherapy, reminded us of a wonderful idea from Mark Davis (Caltech). In CRLX101, CPT is linked covalently through a glycine link to the linear copolymer CDP, which in turn consists of alternating subunits of beta-cyclodextrin and polyethylene glycol (PEG). The CRLX101 nanoparticle is water-soluble. After intravenous injection, active CPT is slowly released as the linkage is hydrolyzed. The size of the nanoparticle (20-50 nm in diameter) facilitates its extravasation in the more leaky vessels of tumors via the enhanced permeability and retention effect. As a result, the anticancer drug is enhanced and retained in the tumor tissue.
The new patent from Ellipses Pharma proposes novel applications dominantly in rectal cancer.
Amato Giaccia, Hanna Sanoff, Joel Tepper