A mannosylated polymer with endosomal release properties for peptide antigen delivery

The University of Washington introduces Man-VIPER, a self-assembling, pH-sensitive, mannosylated polymeric peptide delivery platform that targets dendritic cells in the lymph nodes, encapsulates peptide antigens at physiological pH and facilitates the endosomal release of antigens at acidic endosomal pH through conjugated membranolytic peptide melittin. In vivo, the Man-VIPER polymer demonstrated an adjuvant effect and induced the proliferation of antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells and helper T cells compared to free peptides and Man-AP. The antigen delivery with Man-VIPER-NR generated significantly more antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells than Man-VIPER-R in vivo. and Man-VIPER-NR exerted superior efficacy in a B16F10-OVA tumor model. These results highlight Man-VIPER-NR as a safe and powerful peptide cancer vaccine platform for cancer immunotherapy.

Dinh Chuong (Ben) NguyenTran LuuOmeed YazdaniPatrick Stayton and Suzie Pun

See the full article here: A mannosylated polymer with endosomal release properties for peptide antigen delivery

Phase 1/2 study of uproleselan added to chemotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia

Positive Phase 1/2 clinical data published on uproleselan (GMI-1271), a novel E-selectin antagonist that disrupts cell survival pathways, enhance chemotherapy response, improves survival in mouse xenograft and syngeneic models, and decreases chemotherapy toxicity in vivo.
The addition of uproleselan to chemotherapy was well tolerated, with high remission rates, low induction mortality, and low rates of mucositis, providing a strong rationale for phase 3 randomized confirmatory studies.
Brian Jonas, Jane Jane Liesveld, Dale Bixby, Paula Marlton, John Magnani, Helen Thackray, Eric Feldman, Pamela Becker et al. – GlycoMimetics

See the full clinical trials report here.

Phase 1/2 study of uproleselan added to chemotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia

Insight into oral amphiphilic cyclodextrin nanoparticles for colorectal cancer: comprehensive mathematical model of drug release kinetic studies and antitumoral efficacy in 3D spheroid colon tumors

It is fascinating how similar concepts can be used for entirely different purposes in drug delivery: while we use amphiphilic cyclodextrin for packaging oligonucleotides in the GENEGUT project, Erem Bilensoy and her team at Hacettepe University created camptothecin-loaded nanoparticles to treat colon cancer. The overall findings indicated that the strategy of orally targeting anticancer drugs such as CPT with positively charged poly-β-CD-C6 nanoparticles to colon tumors for local and/or systemic efficacy is promising.

Dr. SEDAT ÜNAL (PharmD/PhD)Gamze VaranYeşim Aktaş

See the full article here

Targeting galectin-driven regulatory circuits in cancer and fibrosis

Comprehensive summary from Gabriel Rabinovich Karina V. Marino Alejandro Cagnoni Diego Croci Russo (University of Buenos Aires) on the array of galectin-targeted strategies, including small-molecule carbohydrate inhibitors, natural polysaccharides and their derivatives, peptides, peptidomimetics, and biological agents reviewing the results of clinical trials that aim to evaluate the efficacy of galectin inhibitors in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and cancer.

See the full article on nature.com.

Treatment of cancer

This patent on CRLX-101, an experimental approach using camptothecin (CPT) to cancer chemotherapy, reminded us of a wonderful idea from Mark Davis (Caltech). In CRLX101, CPT is linked covalently through a glycine link to the linear copolymer CDP, which in turn consists of alternating subunits of beta-cyclodextrin and polyethylene glycol (PEG). The CRLX101 nanoparticle is water-soluble. After intravenous injection, active CPT is slowly released as the linkage is hydrolyzed. The size of the nanoparticle (20-50 nm in diameter) facilitates its extravasation in the more leaky vessels of tumors via the enhanced permeability and retention effect. As a result, the anticancer drug is enhanced and retained in the tumor tissue.
The new patent from Ellipses Pharma proposes novel applications dominantly in rectal cancer.
Amato GiacciaHanna SanoffJoel Tepper

Incorporation of Hydrophilic Macrocycles Into Drug-Linker Reagents Produces Antibody-Drug Conjugates With Enhanced in vivo Performance

Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) have begun to fulfill their promise as targeted cancer therapeutics with ten clinical approvals to date. Recently the role that linker-payload reagent design has on the properties of ADCs has been highlighted as an important consideration for developers. In this paper from Abzena, the effect of incorporating hydrophilic macrocycles like cyclodextrin into reagent structures on the in vitro and in vivo behavior of ADCs.

Nick EvansRuslan GrygorashNicolas CamperMark FrigerioMatthew Bird et al

See the full article here

Synergistic Antitumor Potency of a Self-Assembling Cyclodextrin Nanoplex for the Co-Delivery of 5-Fluorouracil and Interleukin-2 in the Treatment of Colorectal Cancer

We are proud to share Milo Malanga‘s most recent collaboration paper with Hacettepe University on creating nanoplexes via cationic cyclodextrin polymer, 5-Fluorouracil, and Interleukin-2 based on the opposite charge interaction of macromolecules without undergoing any structural changes or losing the biological activity of Interleukin-2. In the colorectal tumor-bearing animal model, survival rate, antitumor activity, metastasis, and immune response parameters were assessed using a cyclodextrin derivative, which was found to be safe based on the ALT/AST levels in healthy mice.

Histomorphometric analysis showed that the groups treated with the nanoplex formulation had significantly fewer initial tumors and lung foci when compared with the control. The dual drug-loaded nanoplex could be a promising drug delivery technique in the immunochemotherapy of colorectal cancer.

Safiye AkkınGamze VaranAnıl IşıkPetek KorkusuzErem Bilensoy et al.

See the full article here

Mannose-methyl-β-cyclodextrin suppresses tumor growth by targeting both colon cancer cells and tumor-associated macrophages

Last week we shared applications of cyclodextrin in various types of cancer, and a discussion was triggered byTamas Sohajda about “why is it always HPBCD that is studied.” In this paper from Kumamoto University, JAPAN, by Keiichi Motoyama, Mannose-methyl-β-cyclodextrin is applied to suppress tumor growth by targeting colon cancer cells and tumor-associated macrophages.

See the full article here.