The electrochemical quantitation method for sugammadex via a molecularly imprinted polymer-based sensor

Sugammadex (SUG) is a synthetically modified γ-cyclodextrin derivative used in hospitals after surgeries to reverse the neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium or vecuronium. Who has experience in the field knows that analysis (in particular those human samples) of carbohydrates and cyclodextrin are very challenging.
In this study, Ankara University and DEVA Holding A.Ş. present the first electroanalytical quantification method for sugammadex by using molecular imprinting (MIP) via the electropolymerization (EP) technique. An EP-MIP film was formed by EP on a screen-printed gold electrode (SPAuE) and a new electrochemical sensor, EP-MIP(SUG)/SPAuE, was fabricated using the 4-aminophenol monomer with copper ions to enhance the MIP-binding site. Surface and electrochemical characterization of the EP-MIP(SUG)/SPAuE sensor have been done via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The specificity/selectivity of the developed sensor has been shown by using common interferents found in the biological fluids and also molecules having similar structures, such as α-cyclodextrin, β-cyclodextrin, and γ-cyclodextrin. As a result, a quantitative analysis method has been developed and validated by using the EP-MIP(SUG)/SPAuE sensor in the concentration range of 0.1–1.0 pM with very high sensitivity (limit of detection: 27.3 fM). The applicability of the method has been shown for bulk drug substances, pharmaceutical dosage forms, and commercial serum samples.

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Chemical Analysis and Molecular Modelling of Cyclodextrin-Formulated Propofol and Its Sodium Salt to Improve Drug Solubility, Stability and Pharmacokinetics (Cytogenotoxicity)

today’s cyclodextrin:
Propofol is a widely used general anesthetic in clinical practice, but its use is limited by its water-insoluble nature and associated pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic limitations. Therefore, researchers have been searching for alternative formulations to lipid emulsion to address the remaining side effects. In this study, novel formulations for propofol and its sodium salt Na-propofolat were designed and tested using hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD). The formulated compounds showed no cytotoxicity and genotoxicity compared to the reference. The CD-based formulations of propofol and its sodium salt may be a promising option and a plausible alternative to conventional lipid emulsions.

Benedikt WilhelmsProf. Dr. Jens BroscheitSergey Shityakov

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Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of Adamgammadex with Sugammadex for Reversal of Rocuronium-Induced Neuromuscular Block: Results of a Phase II Clinical Trial

The success of Sugammadex inspired several further cyclodextrin research, including the development of other antidotes and discovering “follow-up” compounds for the same indication. The most advanced candidate in this field is Adamgammadex (developed by Adamerck) with its efficacy recently compared to SGM in a Phase II trial lead by Sichuan University. Although it was used in 2-3 times higher concentrations, the previously reported adverse effects were not observed in this study, including anaphylaxis, haemorrhage, recurarization, abnormal basic vital signs, or lengthened QRS intervals and QT intervals. Adamgammadex was found to be effective for reversing rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block as sugammadex.

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