Cyclodextrins are often used as molecular carriers for small active ingredients in the medicine. Recently, the intrinsic medicinal activity of some of these compounds has been under investigation, mainly related to their ability to interfere with cholesterol and, therefore, prevent and treat cholesterol-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease and neuronal diseases arising from altered cholesterol and lipid metabolism. One of the most promising compounds within the cyclodextrin family is 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD), owing to its superior biocompatibility profile. This work presents the most recent advances in the research and clinical use of HPβCD against Niemann–Pick disease, a congenital condition involving cholesterol accumulation inside lysosomes in brain cells, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. HPβCD plays a complex role in each of these ailments, going beyond the mere sequestering of cholesterol molecules and involving an overall regulation of protein expression that helps restore the normal functioning of the organism.
Fantastic review by Susana Santos Braga form Universidade de Aveiro

See the full article here: Molecular Mind Games: The Medicinal Action of Cyclodextrins in Neurodegenerative Diseases